Spell out the names of all 50 U.S. states when used alone: The meeting was in Wisconsin. Use the state abbreviations listed below when a state name is preceded by the name of a city, town, village, or military base. Set off the state name in commas: He moved to Williamsburg, Va., after graduating from VCU. When Richmond is used in the same sentence as Virginia Commonwealth University, Virginia is not used.

Example: Virginia Commonwealth University is located Richmond, a capital city teeming with real-world opportunities.

If the city is well known, the state name isn’t necessary: She moved to Chicago. Use the following state abbreviations in lists, tabular materials and datelines (use zip code abbreviations in mailings; see state names). The names of eight states are never abbreviated: Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas and Utah.

State Abbreviation Zip Code Abbreviation
Alabama Ala. AL
Alaska Alaska AK
Arizona Ariz. AZ
Arkansas Ark. AR
California Calif. CA
Colorado Colo. CO
Connecticut Conn. CT
Delaware Del. DE
District of Columbia D.C. DC
Florida Fla. FL
Georgia Ga. GA
Hawaii Hawaii HI
Idaho Idaho ID
Illinois Ill. IL
Indiana Ind. IN
Iowa Iowa IA
Kansas Kan. KS
Kentucky Ky. KY
Louisiana La. LA
Maine Maine ME
Maryland Md. MD
Massachusetts Mass. MA
Michigan Mich. MI
Minnesota Minn. MN
Mississippi Miss. MS
Missouri Mo. MO
Montana Mont. MT
Nebraska Neb. NE
Nevada Nev. NV
New Hampshire N.H. NH
New Jersey N.J. NJ
New Mexico N.M. NM
New York N.Y. NY
North Carolina N.C. NC
North Dakota N.D. ND
Ohio Ohio OH
Oklahoma Okla. OK
Oregon Ore. OR
Pennsylvania Pa. PA
Rhode Island R.I. RI
South Carolina S.C. SC
South Dakota S.D. SD
Tennessee Tenn. TN
Texas Texas TX
Utah Utah UT
Vermont Vt. VT
Virginia Va. VA
Washington Wash. WA
West Virginia W. Va WV
Wisconsin Wis. WI
Wyoming Wyo. WY
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